News of the Week, October 30 – November 5

Oregon City Enterprise, November 3, 1866
THE PEOPLE’S TRANSPORTATION CO.
Since the People’s Transportation Company came in possession of the property they now own and control at this place, they have proven an era in the growth and prosperity of the city. Their immense works are now nearly completed and ready for use. The basin extension was commenced on the 12th of last August, under the superintendence of Capt. J. Kellogg, and according to his own plans. The new arm or extension nearly reaches their Canemah warehouse, and is raised higher than the high water mark of 1861. It is constructed as follows: Three parallel timbers 15 inches square (all timbers average this size) are bolted to the bedrock with 1¼ inch iron. Cross timbers laid on and bolted to form a bottom; three timbers are bolted on each side with cross-ties every ten feet, 17 feet high. This huge bin of timber and iron is 2,190 feet long, 20 feet wide in the main on the top, and 32 feet wide at the angles from 12 to 17 feet high. There were twenty-two tons of iron bolts used to fasten this ponderable barrier, and the workmen are now loading it with hundreds of thousands of tons of rock.

OUR WOOLEN FACTORY.

woolen-mills-1867-c-e-watkins

Woolen Mill, 1867
C. E. Watkins

We say “our woolen factory” because of the fact that now editorially “we” are directly “interested” in everything that appertains to the prosperity of Oregon City and the county of Clackamas. Well, our woolen factory is in full operation. Eighty operatives – men and women – are employed every day – no Chinese among them. Twenty thousand yards of superior woolen goods are manufactured every month. The new machinery, due from the East some time, is arriving. Three of the new “jacks” have been set up. When this all arrives the Oregon City factory will have eight spring jacks, six setts of cards, or eighteen breakers, and twenty-five looms. An addition to the building 60 feet by 50, four stories high, will be built next season of brick, to conform with the main building now occupied, which is four stories high, 190 feet by 50. Mr. D. P. Thompson, President; James Winston, Secretary; and R. H. Duncan, Superintendent, take pleasure in showing visitors through the extensive works. The company have thus far been unable to get any large amount of goods ahead of their orders.

CIRCUIT COURT – E. D. SHATTUCK, JUDGE
October term 1866:
State vs. James Tracey, assault. $50 fine and costs.
State vs. Wm. Whitlock, adultery. $500 bond forfeited.
State vs. H. D. Wilson, et al, abduction. acquitted.
State vs. We Hop, et al, keeping a house of ill fame. $250 bonds forfeited.
State vs. J. Mann, violation of Sunday law and L. Behrens, same. Each fined $5 and costs.
Ladd & Tilton vs. Benjamin Stark. Judgment for plaintiffs, $6,545.

MUTUAL – Dr. F. Barclay of this city has been appointed agent for the New England Life Insurance Company. Amory Holbrook, deceased, was formerly its agent in this State.


Oregon City Enterprise, October 30, 1896
BUSINESS NEWS.

New York Gallery.
R. K. Clavering, the well known artist, has moved the New York gallery to the building on the corner of Water and Fifth Streets, where the reputation of this popular establishment will be sustained. Low rent enables Mr. Clavering to do the very best work at the lowest possible prices. Cabinet pictures at $1 per dozen.

A Home-like Hotel.
Farmers and the traveling public will find a comfortable home-like place to stop at when in Oregon City at the Oriental hotel. Table supplied with an abundance of the best the market affords. Rooms and beds are clean and comfortable. Our 25 cent meals are not excelled. John Dreshcer, Prop.
Undertaker and Embalmer.

R. L. Holman undertaker and embalmer, Graduate of Embalming college. Full stock of caskets and coffins at prices to suit. Undertaking parlor in Winhard block opposite courthouse.

Sunday Time Table.
Until further notice the steamer Altona will leave Oregon City at 10:30 a.m., 2 and 5:30: leave Portland 9 and 11:45 a.m. And 5:30 p.m. round trip 25 cents.

For Rent – Specials.
1. Chicken and garden farm, 2 acres in Clackamas, frame house, spring water, valuable fishing privilege – $5 per month.
2. Good farm, 163 acres, 80 in cultivation, good buildings, 7 acres prunes; for rent or sale.
3. Nice clean dwelling in Canemah, rent or sale. Spring water.
4. Elegant dwelling – 7 rooms, double parlors, two bay windows, pure mountain water pumped from the Clackamas, bath room. Rent or sale on the installment plan.
5. Little cottage at Elyville, good well water, half-acre garden.
H. E. Cross.

Eureka Hotel.
Has the reputation of setting the best table in Oregon City. The cooking is done under the personal supervision of Mrs. Gibbons and the victuals are equal to the best had in a private family. Rooms and beds clean and comfortable. Give the Eureka a trial. Meals and beds 25 cents each. Special rates to regular boarders.


Oregon City Enterprise, November 3, 1916
NOVEL BETS ARE MADE BY OREGON CITY MEN
No matter who wins on November 7, Oregon City will have a wheelbarrow parade.
J. E. Chinn and Walter Young, Wilson supporters, will cart William Folger and J. Dunmire, who believe that Hughes should be elected, and will ride down Main Street on a wheelbarrow if Hughes should be elected. On the other hand, Chinn and Young will get the ride if Wilson is the winner.

One condition of both bets is that the little parade must be staged in the afternoon and the ride will be from Third to Fourteenth on Main Street. A. A. Price, Wilsonite, will act as press agent for the affair and insert paid advertisements in local papers announcing the affair so that a good crowd will witness the parade.

DUTY NECESSARY TO KEEP LOCAL MILLS RUNNING
Oregon City Plants Cannot Compete with Norway’s Cheap Woman Labor.

Stretched over the walk that leads to the mills of the Crown Willamette Paper Company is a banner, red white and blue, and across it in letters so big that none can help but read it the legend:
Hughes – Duty without Fear.
Underneath this simple forceful line is another:
Duty on paper keeps out foreign paper.

west-linn-mill

West Linn Paper Mill

There in a nutshell is the position taken by a majority of the men employed by the big mills here. Those two expressive lines were written by the mill men; they made the banner and they carried it in the big Republican parade last Thursday night. When the parade was over they nailed it up in such a position that every one of the 900 workers in the Crown Willamette mills must see it every day. Thirty feet long, prominent in position and striking in colors, it challenges all who try to forget the disastrous effect of free trade before the European war stopped the importation of paper and pulp from Norway and Canada.
One employee of the Crown Willamette Company estimates that mill workers will vote 2 to 1 for the Republican presidential nominee, and it is the Republican tariff principle, principally, that swings their vote.

“God protect us if the Republicans don’t win,” he earnestly exclaimed. Those who have studied the situation generally admit that a Democratic tariff such as is now in force will cause a shut down on many American paper mills as soon as the war ends and Canada and Norway can turn their attention to sending paper here.

Two years ago this coming winter the Live Wires of the Commercial Club, the Woman’s Club, churches, lodges and other organizations were compelled to from the Co-Operative Relief committee, with Mrs. A. McDonald as chairman. The Masonic lodge gave the committee the fourth floor of the lodge building for the relief headquarters and the entire county was invited to join in the work. During the winter $532.63 in cash was raised by voluntary contributions, clothing of every kind was contributed and food, clothing, furniture and other household supplies were given the committee. Several local physicians offered their services free of charge to all needy families.

Several scores of families were dependent on the committee during that winter, only two years ago, and others were forced to appeal for some aid. Able-bodied men, anxious to work, had to accept charity. The city put gangs to work cleaning up underbrush on unopened streets and on the Promenade, a narrow strip of property that skirts the top of the bluff, not because they city was flush financially or because the work should be done, but because scores of Oregon City men needed work to ward off starvation.

The Crown Willamette Company, having in normal times one of the largest payrolls in the state, operated during the greater part of the year 1914 five days a week and all crews were skeletonized. Scores of men appeared at the company’s office daily, asking for work, and both the Crown Willamette mills and the Hawley Pulp & Paper company did everything in their power to relieve actual suffering.

Once the Crown Willamette Company did announce that it would put a few more men to work, and so many responded that the substantial board walk leading to the mill broke down under the weight.

Then the full effect of the war was felt. Norway could not send us paper, landed at our ports for less than home mills could make it, and England, shut off like us from Norway, saw to it that the product of Canadian mills went direct to her, instead of the United States. Reserve stocks were used up, and the paper trade began to pick up. The war across the sea, paralyzing the normal channels of trade, took the place of a protective tariff and the paper workers went back to work at full time.

The depression in the paper market during 1913 and 1914 were not local. Wisconsin, Michigan and other parts of the middle west and east felt the pinch. Mills there were shut down completely or running on reduced shifts. It was reported here on good authority at one time in 1914 that unless there was a change for the better one or both of the local mills would shut down.

During the months of free trade before the war, Norwegian paper could be laid down in American ports for less than the cost of the domestic product. Wheat ships accepted cargoes of paper as ballast, charging importers little. Women labor in the mills in northern Europe and their wages are small. Up to two years ago Norwegian mills supplied the greater part of the world. Japan and Australia are buying pulp and paper from Oregon City mills now, because they cannot secure it from Norway, but those Norwegian mills are not idle. Immense stocks of paper are now on hand, and the exporters are ready to ship paper to any corner of the globe as soon as the conflict in Europe ends.

The day of the treaty of peace is signed in Europe and tonnage is available, American paper manufacturers must being again their old fight to hold their home market in the face of foreign, cheap labor competition.

Because of the Democratic tariff law, Oregon City will be particularly hard hit unless protection is restored. All paper, under existing tariff laws, valued at less than 5 cents a pound is on the free list, and all over 5 cents pays a 12 per cent duty. Oregon City mills manufacture news, wrapping and tissue papers, all of the cheaper varieties and admitted duty free.

These are the circumstances which lead local students of things political to believe that Oregon City mill men will vote Republican. They know the theory of protection and they have tasted the bitter dose of free trade doctrine.

The newspaper and book publishers had urged the reduction, or elimination, of tariffs on paper.


From 1914 to 1917 the Federal Trade Commission conducted extensive investigations into the price of newsprint and industry practices. At the conclusion of the investigation the government dissolved many publishing associations and regulated the price of newsprint for a few years. Diversification and a new tariff act in 1922 appear to have allowed continued full operation of the mills, in spite of the Democratic win in 1916. (From: The Evolution of the Global Paper Industry 1800-2050: A Comparative Analysis. Edited by Juha-Antti Lamberg, Jari Ojala, Mirva Peltoniemi, Timo Särkkä)

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