News of the Week, July 9 to July 15

Oregon City Enterprise, July 13, 1867

TIME – Since the Woolen Factory closed operations in this city, all persons feel that they have lost some thing more or less; can’t tell when to get up in the morning, nor when to quit or begin work, go to or come from meals; and such as were used to regulating their clocks, and their watches, by the factory whistle three times daily, are decidedly out of luck. We hope the company will soon start up again – in the meantime one of two things must be done with regard to the regulation of the community, that is; to bother your eyes watching the sun, or apply to W. F. Highfield, who has always on hand correct time keepers, and is prepared, on short notice, to mend others.

Oregon City Enterprise, July 12, 1877

AT THE BASIN – A large force of workmen are employed at the dry-dock, which is being enlarged. The walls are to be raised four feet, and considerable rock is being removed. Work will be commenced on the dam across the basin in a few days. This will cause a temporary shutting down of the factory, but we understand that it will have a flume built to connect with the dam, which is to be put in above the saw mill. After this dam is put in and until the flume is connected, it behooves our citizens to be saving of hydrant water, as the supply in the reservoir will be limited, and it should be carefully husbanded for fire purposes. The water company has made every preparation to have as much water on hand as possible.

Oregon City Enterprise, July 9, 1897


At Gladstone Park (Oregon City),

July 12 to 24, 1897

Twelve Days of Entertainment, Instruction and Recreation

Bryan Day, Monday, July 12.

2:00 – Lecture, “Bimetallism,” Hon. William Jennings Bryan, Lincoln, Nebraska (see notes at end of this blog.)

Opening Day, Tuesday, July 13


J. J. Cooke, Chairman of the Democratic County Central Committee, has appointed a Reception committee to meet the Hon. William Jennings Bryan on his arrival in this city on July 12th.


Admission to the Chautauqua grounds on Bryan day, Monday, July 12, will be 25 cents, all reports to the contrary not withstanding. Season tickets for Chautauqua assembly proper which begins Tuesday morning, will be $1.50 for the entire 12 days. Pass tickets will be issued so that people can pass in and out of the grounds without extra charge.

The Southern Pacific Co. will run a special train from the south on Bryan day to Gladstone Park. The train will pass Oregon City soon after dinner and round trip tickets from this city to Gladstone will be sold at 10 cents. Tickets at greatly reduced rates will be sold on all their lines in Oregon to Gladstone Park and the same reduction will be made by the other transportation lines in Oregon. The East Side Railway will put on extra cars and give reduced fares to the park.

The crush at the gates on Bryan day will be very great near the hour of speaking and it would be well for all who can to go early and thus avoid the crowd and secure a comfortable seat in the auditorium. Tickets will be on sale Saturday and Monday at the post office, Harding’s drug store and Huntley’s book store and in Portland, as also at the ticket offices at the park on Monday. Those buying their tickets in Oregon City or Portland will not run the risk of waiting an indefinite time at the ticket office at the park.

chautauqua camp 1900

Chautauqua camp, 1900

The pumping station for the park is now working fine and cold, pure water is forced to all parts of the grounds. A feed pipe 150 feet in length has been run from the pump out into a deep pool in the Clackamas River so as to insure pure water. The park will be lighted up much better this year than heretofore 11 arc lights of 2,000 candle power will make the grove and auditorium as light as day during the night. To care for teams and see that there is no mishap or pilfering, there will be a dozen mounted marshals to place and look after the hundreds of vehicles that will be at the park on Bryan day. The big meadow west of the park will be utilized for placing the teams.

Oregon City Enterprise, July 12, 1907


Fourteenth Annual Session Opens Auspiciously at Gladstone Park

The Willamette Valley Chautauqua opened with impressive ceremonies at the hour announce din the auditorium Tuesday morning. Several hundred of the advanced guard of speakers, instructors and campers were in attendance, while many from Oregon City and Portland gathered to add to the interest of the occasion.

The auditorium was very prettily decorated with bunting and foliage. The Stars and Stripes were artistically entwined in the festoons of bunting. Four arc lights have been placed in the auditorium and there are a total of 12 arc lights on the grounds. These and the many incandescent lamps will make the central court a brilliant scene by night.

Chautauqua ballgame 1918

Chautauqua ball game, 1918

The management wishes to call especial attention to the fact that only clean ball will be allowed on the athletic field, and assure the public that only clubs that are known for their gentlemanly conduct have been engaged to participate in the tournament this season.

The number of campers at Chautauqua this year is very large, and new “homes” are being added to the “white city” hourly. The grounds are in splendid condition and camping accommodations were never better.


O. C. Yocum, the veteran Mt. Hood guide, and founder of the city of Pompeii, the plat of which has been filed in the county recorder’s office, on Monday, recorded the deeds for the sale of 35 of his lots to 16 different person. Pompeii, situated on Mr. Yocum’s claim near Government Camp on Mt. Hood, makes liberal offers to the home seeker. To any one who will buy a lot and $50 worth of lumber from Yocum’s saw mill, Mr. Yocum will make a present of the lot adjoining the one purchased.

The streets of Pompeii are all 60 feet in width, with the exception of First Street, which measures 30 feet. There are three streets running east and west: First, Second and Third; and eight running north and south named as follows: Meldrum, Yule, Olive, Church, Union, Montgomery, Alpha and Beta. The initials of the second, third, fourth and fifth of the last named spell the name of the founder. The blocks are 200 feet square, and are subdivided into lots measuring 100 x 200 feet.

From the editorial page: Here’s hoping Mt. Hood will ever treat the town of Pompeii more courteously than did Vesuvius the ancient city of the same name 1800 years ago.


Pompeii postmark Centennial from

From – Yocum platted parts of his claim in blocks and named the North/South streets 1st, 2nd and 3rd. He spelled his name on the East/West streets, Yule, Olive, Church, Union and Montgomery. The plat was called Pompeii. He later called his town Government Camp and tried to establish a Post Office with that name but the government objected to the two-word name. So he changed it to Pompeii and was granted a post office with that name.

But the name of Government Camp had stuck.

Oregon City Enterprise, July 13, 1917


The Oregon City Honor Guard girls will meet at their Mount Pleasant bean patch every Wednesday night equipped with hoes and ready to cultivate the precious vegetable, instead of holding their weekly drill in the Masonic hall building on Tuesday nights. Monday night of each week will be devoted to the work of assisting the Red Cross prepare surgical dressings for the members of the Third Oregon. Several girls have also signified their intention to make the little bag arrangements for the soldiers which carry needles and thread for the soldiers.


The effect of the war on the mind even the small children is shown by an incident which occurred at the Chautauqua park Wednesday, Miss Beryl MacGillvray, the attractive young Chicago girl who is in charge of the Junior group of children in the class, almost precipitated a riot when she said the dance she was teaching them was the same as that done by the children of Germany.

“Nothing doing,” quoth one youngster with patriotic ardor, and the support of the score or more other youngsters was loudly voiced. The diplomatic instructor changed to a “Holland step” post haste and threatened break was patched up.

Bimetallism – excerpted from

by Pam Epstein, Vassar ’99

The prevailing issue of the 1896 campaign between Bryan and McKinley was, without a doubt, the question of the gold standard versus free silver. Both the Republican and the Democratic platforms were based on their respective views of how currency should be managed in the future. The Republicans stood by the gold standard; they were for the “honest dollar.” Democrats, however, breaking away from the platform of the Democratic president Grover Cleveland, began to stand for free coinage of silver, and their poster boy for free silver became William Jennings Bryan. While this hotly contested issue was without question an entirely economic one, both Republicans and Democrats turned free silver into a moral and religious crusade as well.

In many of his speeches, most notably the famous “Cross of Gold Speech” from the Democratic National Convention, Bryan used very strong religious imagery and analogy to push bimetallism. This can be attributed to more than just the simple fact that Bryan himself was an extremely religious man, who had originally planned to become a minister. The Democratic campaign rested on his ability to rouse small farmers and laborers alike to rally to their platform. Counting on the continuing religious revivalism that was sweeping the country, Bryan turned free silver into a moral issue, and suggested himself to be the savior of the common people. He likened himself to Moses, Jesus, Solomon and David; where he left off, his followers took up, describing “his eyes burning like coals of fire and his head and his powerful priest-like face radiant with hope and courage”. Although on the surface, “Bryan’s speeches covered a multitude of topics — silver and gold, money and prices, banking, [and] coercion…[a]t the deeper level…his speeches were all the same, his words were all about good and evil, the righteous and the wicked, the common people and their oppressors, salvation and damnation”


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